Think " it could never happen "? think again, it already has !. 1859. a coronal mass ejection from the sun known as The Carrington Effect sent electrically charged particles to the earth causing the Telegraph system to fail all over North America and Europe. night time auroras were so bright people could read newspapers by its light. such an event is said to happen every 150 years. WE'RE OVERDUE. 1945. The United States first nuclear bomb test. they had expected the gamma radiation and had made efforts to protect their electronics, the official report says" although all the signal lines were completely shielded, in some cases doubly shielded, many records were lost because of pickup at the time of the explosion that paralysed the recording equipment". 1952/1953. British nuclear testing caused the instruments to fail, without a term for the phenomenon the new term "radio flash" was coined, we now know that as EMP. 1962. The United States detonated a nuclear bomb in space, the effects were felt 900 miles away in Hawaii, the test was called "Starfish Prime". 1962/1963 the then Soviet Union detonated a series of nuclear bombs over Kazakhstan trying to find the best altitude and type of nuke for the most damage. during test 184 they successfully brought down 600 miles of power lines even though it was buried and shielded, they also destroyed a power station, disabled generators, brought down the phone lines, damaged radar and radios, amongst other effects. since the fall of the Soviet Union many Russian arms have found their way onto the black market to be bought by the highest bidder. March 1989. the entire province of Quebec, Canada suffered a complete blackout due to a geomagnetic storm, it also caused radio interference, including the jamming of radio signals from Free Radio Europe into Russia. October 2003. a solar storm hit South Africa bringing down the electric grid by destroying several transformers. many people were without power for almost 1 YEAR. April 2013. 6 men armed with AK47s attacked an electrical substation in San Jose, California. shooting hundreds of rounds they destroyed 10 transformers, it took over a month to repair, it is estimated that taking down about a dozen such stations would cripple most of the US electrical grid. although this isn't an EMP the devastation would be huge. July 2013, Panama officials stop a vessel looking for drugs and discover North Korea is smuggling missile materials from Cuba, such materials could be used to create a nuclear EMP. its not a question of "if" but it a matter of WHEN it will occur next, and how our technology dependent society could cope with the loss of readily available electricity when this country, or the world, goes dark.